Unlock the Secrets of Exercise for Longevity: A Comprehensive Guide

Exercise is essential for longevity and wellbeing. It is the single most powerful method to prevent chronic disease, extending health span and lifespan. It’s important to understand how to structure your exercise to help you live a longer, healthier life – resistance training, aerobic exercise, stability and balance exercises as well as flexibility exercises. In […]

What is the LDL-C to ApoB Ratio?

LDL particles

Table of Contents Do you want to know your Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) particle size, but don’t want to spend thousands on a nuclear magnetic resonance test? (Doesn’t everybody…? )The low density lipoprotein cholesterol to Apolipoprotein B (LDL-C/ApoB) ratio is a simple metric that can be used to approximate LDL particle size for less than […]

What is Apolipoprotein B (Apo B)?

Apolipoprotein B

Table of Contents Lipoproteins are particles that transport fats through the bloodstream. They consist of three main components: triglycerides, cholesterol, and apolipoprotein (apo). Fats are not water soluble so they need a protein to package them up so they can be transported in the blood. ApoB is one of those packaging proteins.  ApoB is found […]

Should I be worried if my HDL is low?

No good cholesterol

Table of Contents High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) is often labelled as the “good” cholesterol. However, over the years it has become clear that this label is far too simple. HDL is a far more complex particle than initially thought. In this article, I will discuss everything you need to know about it.   What is […]

How to lower your ApoB

Table of Contents   What are lipoproteins? Cholesterol is an essential substance in the body, used to make some hormones and cell membranes. It needs to be transported around the body in the blood, but it is a fat, so it is not soluble in water. The body gets round this by packaging cholesterol and […]

Plant sterols: Are they a safe way to lower cholesterol?

Table of Contents Introduction Plant sterols are one of the commonest supplements used to lower LDL cholesterol (LDL-C). You will commonly find them added to margarines, yoghurts and spread, being sold under brand names like “Benecol”.  They are marketed as an easy way to lower cholesterol through diet.  They are big business and promoted by large food companies in […]

What is the most effective supplement to lower cholesterol? Red Yeast Rice.

Red Yeast Rice lowers cholesterol

Table of Contents High low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is one of the main risk factors for heart disease, heart attacks and strokes. I deal with this condition daily and one of the commonest questions I get is “how can I lower my cholesterol naturally?”.   My usual answer to this is – it is difficult! […]