Exploring Lipoprotein(a) Diversity Among Ethnicities

lipoprotein (a) ethnicity

Table of Contents Lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] is strongly linked to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). It is made up of an apolipoprotein(a) or apo(a)-specific protein coupled to a low-density lipoprotein (LDL) core. It is an independent risk factor for ASCVD, which includes coronary artery disease, heart attacks, and strokes. There are considerable differences in Lp(a) levels […]

What To Look for in the Standard Cholesterol Panel


Table of Contents As part of our ongoing commitment to empower our patients and community with knowledge about cardiovascular health, I wanted to shed some light on the standard cholesterol test, often referred to as a lipid panel or lipid profile. Over time, the interpretation of its results has evolved significantly, shaping the landscape of […]

Decoding Lipoprotein (a): Unraveling Its Role in Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

lipoprotein (a)

Table of Contents Lipoprotein (a), often known as Lp(a), is a less well-known lipoprotein that has recently come to light as a significant risk factor for cardiovascular (ASCVD) disease.  The intricate nature of Lp(a) will be thoroughly examined in this article. We will also address how Lp(a) affects ASCVD and distinguish it from apoB.  LDL-C, […]

Heart Health Unveiled: The Importance of Lowering Lipoprotein (a)

Table of Contents High levels of lipoprotein (a), Lp(a) have been linked to an increased risk of heart disease. Understanding how to lower Lp(a) has become an important priority for specialists and people alike as medical research into the complexities of heart health continues. We shall examine many strategies for reducing lipoprotein(a) in this article, […]

What is the LDL-C to ApoB Ratio?

LDL particles

Table of Contents Do you want to know your Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) particle size, but don’t want to spend thousands on a nuclear magnetic resonance test? (Doesn’t everybody…? )The low density lipoprotein cholesterol to Apolipoprotein B (LDL-C/ApoB) ratio is a simple metric that can be used to approximate LDL particle size for less than […]

What is Apolipoprotein B (Apo B)?

Apolipoprotein B

Table of Contents Lipoproteins are particles that transport fats through the bloodstream. They consist of three main components: triglycerides, cholesterol, and apolipoprotein (apo). Fats are not water soluble so they need a protein to package them up so they can be transported in the blood. ApoB is one of those packaging proteins.  ApoB is found […]

Should I be worried if my HDL is low?

No good cholesterol

Table of Contents High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) is often labelled as the “good” cholesterol. However, over the years it has become clear that this label is far too simple. HDL is a far more complex particle than initially thought. In this article, I will discuss everything you need to know about it.   What is […]

How to lower your ApoB

Table of Contents   What are lipoproteins? Cholesterol is an essential substance in the body, used to make some hormones and cell membranes. It needs to be transported around the body in the blood, but it is a fat, so it is not soluble in water. The body gets round this by packaging cholesterol and […]

Plant sterols: Are they a safe way to lower cholesterol?

Table of Contents Introduction Plant sterols are one of the commonest supplements used to lower LDL cholesterol (LDL-C). You will commonly find them added to margarines, yoghurts and spread, being sold under brand names like “Benecol”.  They are marketed as an easy way to lower cholesterol through diet.  They are big business and promoted by large food companies in […]

What is the most effective supplement to lower cholesterol? Red Yeast Rice.

Red Yeast Rice lowers cholesterol

Table of Contents High low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is one of the main risk factors for heart disease, heart attacks and strokes. I deal with this condition daily and one of the commonest questions I get is “how can I lower my cholesterol naturally?”.   My usual answer to this is – it is difficult! […]